The Soil Health Institute and Cargill conducted this project to provide farmers with the economics information they need when deciding whether to adopt soil health practices and systems. The 10 farmers interviewed in Minnesota grew crops on an average of 1930 acres, using no-till on 54% and cover crops on 48% of those acres. Fifty percent of the farmers interviewed reported increased yield from using a soil health management system, and none reported a yield decline. Based on the information provided by these farmers, it cost an average of $16.38/acre less to grow corn and $23.11/acre less to grow soybean using a soil health management system. Based on standardized prices, the soil health management system increased net income for these 10 Minnesota farmers by an average of $32.13/acre for corn and $37.63/acre for soybean. One farmer who grew wheat increased net income by an average of $15.80/acre when adopting a soil health management system. The current adoption rates of no-till (6%) and cover crops (4%) in Minnesota indicate that other Minnesota farmers may improve their profitability by adopting soil health management systems. Farmers also reported additional benefits of their soil health system, such as increased resilience to extreme weather and increased access to their fields.
Soil Health Institute, Cargill