In this issue:

Stiff Goldenrod (Solidago rigida)

Monarch Butterflies often rely on stiff goldenrod as a rich source of nectar to prepare for fall migration. Native bees, flies, beetles, moths, and other butterfly species are also drawn to the species to prepare for winter. In the case of bumblebees that collect and store nectar they must collect enough to survive an entire winter. With bright yellow flowers, attractive leaves and upright stems the species is widely used for project ranging from stormwater ponds, shorelines and savanna restorations.